About Uzbekistan

"Long ago, thousands of years ago, the son of the biblical patriarch Noah Sim ordered to dig a well in arid terrain, the water from this well was so tasty and miraculous that a whole city, Khiva, grew up around the well."

This legend about the ancient city makes it clear how rich and deep its history is. Khiva is an open-air museum, which for more than 2500 years, it is famous for its "city within the city" - Ichan-Kala, the first in Central Asia recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage site. In addition, it has the official status of the city-reserve. Khiva survived the oppression of the Arabs, Gaznevids, Seljukids, Mongols, but survived and retained its uniqueness.

At the very end of the 16th century Khiva became the capital of the Khorezm Khanate, which is even now called the Khiva Khanate, located in the territories of modern Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan, bordering Persia and the Lesser Horde and had access to the Caspian Sea.

Having climbed the Ak-Sheikh-Bobo lookout tower, you can look around the whole old city with its surviving fortress walls up to 10 meters in height, with a total length of over 6 kilometers and with defensive towers.

Going doun, you should visit the citadel of Kunya-Ark, whose age exceeds 15 centuries. This is one of the few examples of medieval oriental military architecture in the world - a story that can be touched.

Another obligatory for visiting the fundamental structure is the minaret of Kalta-Minar. Khan, ruling Khiva at the end of the XIX century, conceived to build the largest Muslim minaret in the world, but when the structure reached a height of 30 meters, died in battle, after which the construction was stopped. Incompleteness of such a grandiose project brought the world-famous fame and great interest to the minaret. Its unique decor also attracts attention - no more minarets are covered entirely with majolica and glazed tiles.

Having visited the walls of the palace complex Tash-Hauli, you can feel like a traveler in time - it was such buildings that surrounded the inhabitants of the Middle East hundreds of years ago. You can experience the same unique feelings by looking at other sights of Khiva: madrasah of Allakuli Khan, decorated in a unique style of Khiva majolica; Madrassah of Abdullah Khan, erected not according to the traditional canons of his time; mausoleum of Said Allauddin, combining several different architectural solutions; minaret of Islam-Khoja, whose height reaches 45 meters, and others.

A special attention is paid to the mausoleum of Pakhlavan-Mahmud. The legend says that this amazing man was a talented poet from the genus of simple artisans. But fame and honor brought him not his works, but the ability to heal people and heroic strength - no one could overcome him. Therefore, his mausoleum was obliged to become extraordinary. The building is considered one of the best works of Khiva architecture of the XIX century.

Enthusiastic travelers are simply obliged to visit Khiva, because this is where the notion of "algebra" originated. The famous scientist Muhammad al-Khorezmi was born and grew up in this city, he was the first in the history of mankind to single out algebra as a separate science about methods of solving equations and classified many of them. In addition, al-Khwarizmi conducted scientific research related to the measurement of the circumference of the Earth. These measurements remained the most accurate for the next 700 years.

A special attention is paid to the mausoleum of Pakhlavan-Mahmud. The legend says that this amazing man was a talented poet from the genus of simple artisans. But fame and honor brought him not his works, but the ability to heal people and heroic strength - no one could overcome him. Therefore, his mausoleum was obliged to become extraordinary. The building is considered one of the best works of Khiva architecture of the XIX century.

Enthusiastic travelers are simply obliged to visit Khiva, because this is where the notion of "algebra" originated. The famous scientist Muhammad al-Khorezmi was born and grew up in this city, he was the first in the history of mankind to single out algebra as a separate science about methods of solving equations and classified many of them. In addition, al-Khwarizmi conducted scientific research related to the measurement of the circumference of the Earth. These measurements remained the most accurate for the next 700 years.

No less significant contribution to the development of science was made by the great Al-Biruni, Agahi, Najm ad-din Kubra and other scholars and theologians who were born here.

Gourmet cuisine of Khiva will surprise with a variety of dishes: a unique kind of pilaf with a yellow carrot, which you will not try anywhere else; Shuvit mist - a special lagman (noodles) from the greens; tukhum barak - a delicacy of khans from dough and egg filling. But if you want something more familiar to the body, in local cafes and restaurants you will always find the usual dishes of European cuisine.

The whole fabulous east, whose history passes through the ages, is reflected in Khiva - do not miss the opportunity to visit here!


Entering the land of Bukhara, you find yourself in one of the oldest cities in Asia, rich in both unique sights and legends that have come down to us from ancient times.

This is an ancient city museum, the streets of which are rare exhibits, where the monuments rise above their heads, recalling the greatness of the old civilizations and heritage left by their ancestors.

In the 16th century Bukhara was the central city of the famous Bukhara Khanate, in the days of its glory occupying the territory of modern Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Iran and China. Khanate existed for almost three centuries and left a rich legacy.

Reverent delight is caused by the mass of the main citadel called the Arch, symbolizing itself greatness and very inaccessibility. Once the military structure today received a completely peaceful status of the archaeological reserve. If you have breathtaking historical histories about battles and sieges, you should definitely visit Bukhara Ark, because in its majesty it at least does not concede to European historical castles, but at the same time reflects the history of the ancient East.

The city itself was also a fortress - a part of its outer walls and two gates have been preserved until now.

The diversity and abundance of architectural complexes and monuments can not but amaze: about 40 ancient buildings that have survived to this day reflect the entire two-thousand-year history of Bukhara.

The central ensemble of Poi-Kalyan is one of the oldest buildings, the minaret of which was built in 1127; the legendary mausoleum of the Samanids is the most ancient architectural monument of the city, combining traditional features of the Middle Eastern architecture and innovations of its time; mirror reflecting each other madrassas of Ulugbek and madrassas of Abdullaziz-khan, who set a new tone in the architecture and decor of the whole of Central Asia; The Kalyan Mosque, whose area exceeds a hectare, and whose minaret is the most famous symbol of the city; the palace of Sitorai Mohi Khosa, which became an important object at the turn of the epochs - the building was executed in a unique style based both on the traditional Bukhara rules of architecture and on the European one - and these are just some of the sights that do not reveal half of the variety and beauty of Bukhara.

However, the happy story of a wonderful city is difficult to name. It was captured first by the Persians, led by the cruel Cyrus, then by the army of Alexander the Great, then by the Arab conquerors, and in the end almost completely destroyed by the hordes of Genghis Khan. But Bukhara did not give up - local rulers, especially from the dynasty of Tamerlane, returned her former glory, and even the great Italian traveler Marco Polo, having visited here, called it "the city of great greatness".

Near Bukhara was born the great scholar of the Middle Ages Abu Ali ibn Sina, better known in the world as Avicenna. The philosopher, astronomer, poet, chemist, writer, musician and physician left a rich heritage, including the fundamental treatises "The Canon of Medical Science" and "Medicines." Ibn Sina turned ideas about medicine, many of his discoveries the modern scientific world uses now. So, visiting Bukhara, you can get acquainted with the real cradle of modern medicine.

Another famous side of Bukhara is gastronomic. Culinary handwriting of the city differs from the cuisines of all other cities of the countries of Central Asia by its taste, style and most dietary component. Osh sophi - the famous Bukhara pilaf - is seasoned according to a special recipe with sweet kishmish for giving a unique taste. In addition, a dish is prepared in a special cauldron, which also distinguishes it from other varieties of pilaf. Alatskaya samsa - a treat from meat and vegetables in a very thin test that does not contain fat and will be enjoyed by anyone. And, finally, the crown dish of the city - Gijduvan shish kebab - is one of the best kinds of shish kebabs in the world. The adherents of gastronomic tourism often come to Bukhara specifically to try it. Cooks carefully store the secrets of his taste, and all the questions about them are answered with a squint that it's all about their skill. Perhaps, it is you who will be able to solve this mystery when you visit Bukhara.

Already collecting things? Then we are waiting for you in wonderful Bukhara!


The majestic Samarkand, praised by poets in verse, glorified by artists in the pictures of the century after the century, for thousands of years the former capital of all of Central Asia. One of the most ancient cities on the planet, seeing the flowering and falling empires, the formation and development of the powers - its age is comparable with the age of such cities as Yerevan, Palermo, Corinth and the legendary Rome. Samarkand found carrying the world's first Olympic Games, the emergence of the Greek alphabet and start drawing up the Bible itself - which is only more incredible events and turns of history have not experienced it, absorbing and reflecting each of them in itself.

The city forever changed the history of mankind - it was he who was the heart and center of the Great Silk Road, a caravan road that served all of civilization. Wise East, where almost all the sciences, known now, were born, generously shared his unique discoveries with neighbors, including the West, enriched the culture of each people and became one of the most important assets in history.

Samarkand attracts travelers and art historians from all over the world with its unique appearance and in a certain sense a mystical atmosphere - old residents say that the city is able to awaken in man its hidden creative potential. Indirectly in support of this can be mentioned a large number of artists, poets and musicians living in Samarkand, as well as interest without false modesty of the great world authors - poets Sergei Yesenin and Omar Khayyam, artists Robert Falk and Pavel Benkov, writers Antonio Skurati and Alessandro Baricco, and also many, many others.

What is the secret of this monument city? Maybe it's the heritage of ancestors? Concentration of historical buildings per square meter in Samarkand is just off scale, and visiting a monument of one era, you at the same time see the artifacts of another.

Once you are here, you will not have a question: "Where to go?", Only: "Where to go first?".
- Madrassah of Ulugbek. As one can understand from the title, it was built by the famous ruler and scholar Mirzo Ulugbek at the beginning of the 15th century. It was known as one of the best theological universities of its time, and hundreds of students from all over the Muslim world were trained within the walls;
- Sherdor Madrasah. The structure mirrors the Madrassah of Ulugbek, but it differs greatly in its decorative appearance. It is worth noting that the unique patterns and images on the facade of the building by their glory bypassed the structure itself. The heraldic image of a leopard with the sun on its back, for example, can be found in many textbooks, where it is used as an illustrative example of medieval art of the Middle East;
- Till-Kari madrasah. The third structure of the Registan ensemble is very different from its architectural "brethren". First of all, it is its own, as it is executed in the style inherent in another historical city of Uzbekistan - Bukhara. Also noticeable is the rather original decision for that period - the madrasah does not attract unnecessary attention to itself, emphasizing with its forms the majesty of the other two buildings.
Each of the three buildings of the ensemble is a must-see destination on the map traveling to Samarkand. But this is only the beginning of sightseeing of the city.

The prophet Daniel (in the Muslim tradition - Khoja Donier) is a person revered in three world religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Therefore, be sure to visit his mausoleum, in which the ashes of the prophet are buried - this is a unique opportunity to touch the history of all modern civilization.
If you love science, history or architecture, and ideally all at once, then you just need to visit the remains of the Ulugbek Observatory - one of the most important buildings in this category, where many astronomical discoveries were made, including the exact length of the stellar year, in accordance with which we determine the time today.

In Samarkand you can see the last refuge of the great Tamerlane and his family - the mausoleum of Gur-Emir. This family tomb is not only a historical monument, but also one of the most magnificent examples of Central Asian and Islamic architecture in general.

Another historical monument of Samarkand, included in the UNESCO World Heritage List, is Shahi Zinda. It is this ensemble and the adjacent territories that are the most significant, priceless archaeological value of the city, as it reflects its history in neither more nor less than 3 thousand years. Here you can really touch the historical period before our era.
The memorial complex of Imam al-Bukhari is one of the most revered shrines of Central Asia. Here is the grave of the famous Muslim scholar who was engaged in the collection and study of the hadith, as well as the compilation of comments on the Quran, Muhammad al-Bukhari. The Imam devoted all his life to this work, and his works are highly appreciated and have no analogues to this day.

And dozens of historical sights, modern buildings, applied art schools, museums and parks await you in Samarkand - the heart of the Middle East, the city of the 29th century.


Tashkent is an amazing combination of centuries-old traditions and modern ideas, a place that will beautify any journey. It is the capital of Uzbekistan - the most populated state among the countries of Central Asia. The city known for its rich history, which begins in the II century BC, and an abundance of cultural monuments.

Want to see the story with your own eyes? The only preserved original of the Koran in the world is located in Tashkent, in the religious complex Hazrat Imam. This ensemble is also a bright architectural monument, demonstrating all originality and sophistication of the eastern architecture and art.

Deserves special attention the famous ensemble Shaikhontohur, one of the largest and oldest complexes in the territory of Uzbekistan, which was built around 600 years ago. The architecture of this landmark of Tashkent stands out from the others with its forms and methods of construction, combines Royal elegance and submissive austerity, solemnity and humility. Where else can you find such unusual solutions?

It is possible to speak about historical monuments of the capital for a very long time: about the mausoleum of Zangiata built by Tamerlane; about the new Minor mosque, which embodied the classical Uzbek style in modern form; about the largest madrasah Kukeldash, the height of the portal is more than 19 meters; about the madrasah of Barakhan, each building of which was built separately and has its own unique history; about the ancient mausoleum of Kaffal Shashi, only rebuilt in the middle of the 16th century, but created much earlier; about the legendary mosque of Khoja Ahrar Vali, the foundation of which was laid in the beginning of the VIII century, and many others. But the sights of Tashkent deserve to be seen, and not just described words. Each of them must be on your travel map.

The contemporary infrastructure of Tashkent, its renewed appearance and manufacturability become a contrast against the background of historical buildings. In the capital, operating three airports, two of which are international, high-speed trains, providing communication between the central cities of the republic, and the underground, which became the first in Central Asia, is famous for the beauty and uniqueness of the design of each station. Visiting all three metro lines of Tashkent should become an obligatory part of your tourist itinerary.

Only in a parallel world where birds live under water, Uzbekistan is possible without its famous hospitality. Ask any visitor who has visited here, he will tell about deep respect for each Mehmon ("guest"). Hotels in Tashkent for every taste and color, and restaurants are happy to satisfy any of your gastronomic wishes. In addition, the people of Tashkent are welcome and always glad to the guests, for whom nothing is spared: shelter, refreshments or even simple conversations. Moreover, the smiles of a friendly people will cheer you up during your entire stay here.

However, coming to Tashkent and ordering dishes that are familiar to you is like going to Tula with your samovar. No wonder that Tashkent is called a bread-growing city. Dishes of Uzbek cuisine should be tried in life but be careful - it is addictive with its exquisite taste and great variety! Each city of Uzbekistan has its own unique recipes of pilaf, lagman, samsa and even cakes. Do not be shy to ask about institutions with the best national dishes of local people - do not regret it! In addition, if you want to participate in the cooking process yourself, then the Center of master classes on the production of national dishes will have to come in handy, because in it you can personally observe the process of work of masters of Uzbek cuisine, personally take part in it, and then treat yourself. And this is all in the most traditional conditions - with all the secrets and nuances on the open fire.

To worry about Souvenirs is also not necessary, because Tashkent - an animated eastern fairy tale, and what eastern fairy tale does without a bazaar? Something, but in the market squares there is no shortage. What do you prefer - a modern complex of shops or traditional collapse? Choose yourself which one of the bazaars to visit first. As the saying goes, "if you have not found what you are looking for, this probably does not exist."

In addition, if in your tourist program it is not only the sights of Tashkent, the kitchen or shopping, but all at once, and even with a desire to have fun and take pictures of your loved ones, then the parks of the capital will open their doors before you. Silent alleys of squares and the noisy fun of amusement parks await you, because only your presence is not enough for complete harmony and a real holiday!

Tashkent is waiting for you!

The city of Shakhrisabz has almost three thousand-year history, its beauties and attractions more than deserve to be immortalized in poetry.

Shahrisabz was the birthplace of the great ruler and commander Amir Temur, better known as Tamerlane, who played a great historical role. Among his victories is the defeat of the Golden Horde and the Ottoman state. But for Shahrisabz, Tamerlane first of all became a hospitable patron who turned the city into the second capital of his empire.

The main symbol of the high status of the city is Ak-Sarai Palace, which was built by the best architects of the East for a long 24 years. The building became the incarnate dream of the ruler about the ideal residence, one of the best in its time. This is the most striking example of the East Timurid style, admired and admired by art critics of both the East and the West. Unfortunately, even though large ones have survived, but the ruins of the palace - neither the courtyard with a total area of ​​almost 300 square meters, nor the main portal with a height of 70 meters, nor a miracle of engineering thought of that time - a pool with a kind of artificial waterfall on the roof of the building.

The Dorus-Saodat memorial ensemble, which was built by a grieving Tamerlane first for one, and then for his second sons, was much better preserved. According to the legend, it was this loss that hardened the military leader and henceforth he did not spare any of his enemies and enemies of his people. Dorus-Saodat consists of the crypt of Jakhongir, the mosque of Hazrat Imam and the crypt of Temur. In a specially built tomb, unique for the whole East of that time, Tamerlane himself was to find eternal rest, but by the will of fate his journey ended in Samarkand.

Everyone who is interested in history should definitely visit Dorut-Tilovat. It was erected in honor of a weighty figure in the Muslim world and in general history - Shamsiddin Kalal, a spiritual mentor who is one of the founders of Sufism. It includes the mausoleums of Khazreti Sheikh and Gumbazi Seyidan, as well as Kok Kumbaz - the cathedral mosque.

Among other landmarks of the city, one can especially distinguish such an archaeological monument as Padayakapa - an ancient citadel that has come down to us from the depths of centuries. These territories were inhabited already in the XI century BC, but after the death of Iskander the Great (Alexander the Great) the city was abandoned, but the remains of the citadel remain accessible for tourists to explore the whole world to this day.

Sangirtepa is another historical monument. One of the most ancient temples in the whole of Central Asia, erected during the time of Zoroastrianism, an ancient religion, is now almost completely forgotten.

After an interesting dive into history, you can satisfy the hunger in one of the many gastronomic establishments in Shakhrisabz, and you can choose either a classical European cafe or a traditional national tea house. In order not to torture yourself with a choice, it is better to look both there and there during the trip. Of the dishes of your attention, the excellent Shahrisabz suzma (a fermented milk product, something between kefir and thick cream), as well as local pastries, deserve special attention.

In memory of the wonderful city should buy souvenirs. And this is not the usual and frustrating magnets for the refrigerator, no, Shakhrisabz is famous for its embroidery. Dressing gowns, bags, carpets - you undoubtedly will find on city markets what interests you.

Come to the blossoming region of Shakhrisabz for unique sensations!


Archaeologists have not managed to establish exactly when the first stone was laid on the city of Termez. All that is known about its history - in the VI century BC the city became part of the Achiminid state. There is no earlier information about Termez, but in documents even of that period it is called an ancient city, so it is quite possible that it is one of the oldest cities in the entire Middle East.

About the antiquity say, for example, found in the city terracotta statues from an era when on these lands were spread Buddhism and Zoroastrianism. The general style of art in the following centuries has changed a lot, and a simple traveler has a unique opportunity to see for himself these findings in the Termez Archeological Museum - perhaps the only one with so many exhibits on the history of the Middle East.

Another mystery of Termez is the fortress of Kirk Kiz. Researchers for many years put forward assumptions about what the construction was built for and what role it played. Palace? Caravanserai? Monastery? Perhaps the answer will never be found, but the more reason to inspect the structure yourself. In terms of architecture, the fortress is also unusual - it is almost completely symmetrical, which was rarely seen in the buildings of that time.

Returning to the theme of Buddhism on the lands of ancient Termez, it is necessary to mention the ancient Buddhist complex of Karatepa, recognized as one of the most important monuments of this religious trend in the Middle East. Surprisingly, the buildings have survived to the present day in almost a primordial form, although they suffered great damage from the time - they were not subjected to serious raids and man-made destruction, so on their walls can be found inscriptions in ancient languages, now extinct. This monument should be given time, but it is important to know that free access to the complex is prohibited, and in order to visit here, you need to obtain a special permit from the National Company "Uzbektourism".

In Termez, the great lawyer of the Muslim world Abu Isa al-Tirmithi was born, who made a great contribution to Islamic theology - he carefully studied and classified a huge number of hadith that he knew by heart. In his world-famous work "al-Jami" contains almost 4,000 hadiths, and this work is one of the pillars of the world Muslim school of theology.

In 1109 (AD) in the territory of modern Termez was built an unparalleled minaret Zharkurgan. Its uniqueness lies in the form of construction, as well as architectural solutions in the style of the Great Khurasan.

Not less remarkable are other attractions of Termez:

-the ensemble of Sultan Saodat, erected over five centuries and containing a whole complex of mausoleums, strikingly different from each other stylistically and similar in decorating;

-khanak (original Sufi monastery) Kokildor Ota, also keeping a secret - it was built in the 16th century, but in style refers to the traditions of architecture of the XV century, while containing several innovative experimental solutions for that time (for example, the creation of a three-tiered facade);

-the Buddhist temple of Fayaz-Tepa, containing some of the most ancient (around the 1st century BC) images of the Buddha;

-Bridge of Friendship, whose age is 130 years and which was considered one of the largest bridges in its time, as well as many other interesting places to visit.

Going round the sights and staying in one of the hotels that are here is enough, do not forget to glance at the local bazaar - here you can find various pleasant souvenirs, but the main thing that should be bought here, can not be stored: delicious sunny Termez vegetables. Surely you saw in films or read in books how oriental characters enjoy the taste of juicy fruits in their natural form, rather than in salads and dishes. Having tasted Termez vegetables and fruits, you will fully experience the very "taste of the East".

The gates of Termez is open for you!

Perhaps you've already visited cities with historical sights and you know that for the most part they look like this: an ancient amazing building in the center, and around the usual modern architecture of cafes and houses. But quite different things are with Nurata - the cultural center of one of the districts of Navoi region of Uzbekistan - the whole city in itself is an ancient monument.

This is not a game of words, the time here really stopped. There is an ancient system of underground water channels, the length of which is several kilometers. Water and wells play a special role here, because according to Nurata's legend, people were nicknamed the green oasis, a rich source of manpower, to which the Most High himself brought them. The healing key of Chashma is still venerated by local residents for a reason - sometimes there is a mysterious radiance over its water that even scientists can not explain. However, not everyone can see it. Will the source open for you? There is only one way to find out for sure - to come to Nurata.

The water of the source is able to heal not only the usual ailments, but also the burdens of the sick soul from anxiety to bad character. It's all about the mysticism of this place or the saturation of water with all sorts of trace elements and minerals. Although it is even more likely that both play a role.

Near the source is located the local Juma mosque ("Friday Mosque"), the basis of which consists of 40 columns, and the dome is 16 meters in diameter. Many people visiting this building celebrate amazing acoustics - two people, standing in opposite parts at a great distance, can talk to each other without raising their voices.

And the "emerald" of this place is a well, at the bottom of which you can easily see a massive imprint of the hand, nicknamed "The Hand of God." Trees around the well are dotted with colorful ribbons - it is believed that the desire that has been envisioned here will necessarily come true.

However, if the source of Chashma, according to legend, was discovered many thousands of years ago, the history of the city that has survived to this day begins much later - since the conquest wars of Alexander the Great. In IV century BC, the commander erected on this earth the fortress Nur, which later acquired surrounding buildings.

The ruins of this fortress should be studied very carefully. In some places the building has been preserved quite well, and you will be able to study in detail the architecture features of the architects of the great conqueror.

In addition to many architectural and archaeological sites, Nurata is famous for its mountainous nature bordering the desert of Kyzylkum. Hayatbashi - the highest peak of the Nurata Mountains - is located at an altitude of almost 2,200 m and is also interesting for its flora and fauna. What to take with you in memory of Nurata? Embroidery. This art has developed here for centuries and reached incredible heights. The school of this craft is very strong here, and the unique technique is known all over the world and has no analogues.


Come to Nurata and touch the living history!

In the I millennium BC, one of the largest lands on the territory of Central Asia - the famous Ferghana valley was inhabited. During its existence, it visited the territories of the Iranian peoples, the state of Sogdiana, the empires of the Persians, the Macedonians, the Greeks, the Turks, and then the Arabs. For 17 centuries the valley linked China and Iran by trade, which became one of the longest in the history of caravan roads.

In the Fergana Valley there are many cities with a rich history.

Namangan is the second largest city in Uzbekistan, which is home to the famous in the Middle Ages poet Boborakhim Mashrab, the outstanding writer Johnid Abdullahanov, the famous contemporary painter Akmal Nur and many other remarkable people who contributed to the world culture. Famous Namangan and its attractions: the mausoleum of Khodjama-Kabra, adorned with a marvelous multi-color embossing on a refined terracotta cover; The Namangan park, whose territory is over 13 hectares - in the past there was a fortified local arch (fortress), but history did not spare it - it was destroyed in times of bitter confrontation at the beginning of the 20th century; mosque Ota-Valihon-tura, which has an original structure, recognized as one of the most extraordinary constructive decisions of the time, as well as many other cultural monuments.

Andijan - one of the oldest cities of the East, founded in the VI century BC - is truly legendary. He was sung by poets of his time, scientists of his time wrote about him, and so many myths and mysteries surround his formation and name, which you will not list for a day either. To get acquainted with the rich history of the ancient city you can do it yourself - there are a lot of ancient monuments preserved here. The Jami memorial complex was erected in the distant IX century and is considered one of the most ambitious and colorful among the ensembles of the Middle East - it is worth to see with your own eyes this unique structure: skilfully painted ceilings, analogues to which you will not find anywhere else; The highest minaret on these lands with an amazing decor; a huge building of madrasah, impressive in its size. It is worth looking into the city's military fortress-museum, and in the architectural complex Devonaboy, the monuments of Mingtep and the Ersa Mound, which reached us from the depths of history - from the 3rd century BC. Andijan is the birthplace of the great poet and ruler Babur, who made a great contribution to the development of the whole East. And in modern times the city gave the world its talented children: the writer Chulpan, the actor and director Abbas Bakirov, the poet Muhammad Yusuf, the painter Vitaly Rudenko and many others.

Fergana. Not all settlements of Uzbekistan have an ancient origin. One of these exceptions is the young Fergana, whose age has not yet reached 150 years. Therefore, the oldest building in the city - a huge fortress - was preserved very well. The city piously honors its patron - the great Ahmad al-Fergani, an outstanding scientist of the 9th century, one of the first scientifically substantiated that our planet has the form of a sphere. And this is the beginning of the ninth century! Discoveries and achievements of the brilliant scientist served the development of such sciences as astronomy, geography and mathematics, all over the world. But the newly-built Fergana managed to present talented people to the world: the poet and prose writer Shamshad Abdullayev, the artists Enver Izetov and Alexander Volkov, the theater and film actor, the director Alexander Abdulov, the guitar virtuoso Enver Izmaylov. And this is not a complete list of famous people who were born here.

Kokand is once the capital of the powerful Kokand Khanate, stretching for 800,000 square kilometers and covering the territory of present-day Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, parts of Uzbekistan and China. Here the palace of Khudoyar Khan, raised to 3 meters from the ground, the main mosque of the city of Jomi with an unprecedented beauty of the decor, the Norbutabi madrassa, which functions as a spiritual institution today, as well as other monuments of bygone eras, are perfectly preserved here.

Beautiful Margilan, where representatives of different peoples and cultures have lived together for thousands of years, is famous for its unique styles of painting, architecture and other art fields. In its history, dating back to the 3rd century BC, he survived many events, but managed to preserve for us the amazing architectural monuments: the Pir Siddiq complex, the Chakar mosque, the Honakokh, the memorial complex of the famous Islamic scholar Burhaniddin Al-Margilani and other interesting sights.

Fergana Valley is diverse and plays with all possible colors of the Middle East, do not miss the opportunity to enjoy the delightful beauty of this region!

Karakalpakstan is an independent republic within Uzbekistan. The first people appeared here in prehistoric times, and the first records of local residents were found in the Persian writings of the VI century BC. The ancient origin of the earth is confirmed by silent witnesses of the change of centuries and events - monuments.

For example, the giant ancient complex Ayaz-kala, which includes three fortresses, protected not only by massive walls, but also by labyrinths, the overcoming of which exhausted the invaders and nullified their attempts to take the city by storm. Another unique fortress - Koy-Krylgan-kala - dates back to the 4th century BC and amazes with its size and design - it has the shape of an almost ideal circle. Necropolis of Mizdakhan attracts the attention of tourists and pilgrims from all over the world, because it is here, according to legend, the forefather of mankind - the legendary Adam, is buried. Above his grave a cult mausoleum was erected, the flow of people to which he does not run out ever.

But the most famous place of Karakalpakstan is the Aral Sea, which for its size is called the sea. Yes, some 50 years ago the Aral Sea was one of the largest lakes on the planet (about 68 thousand square kilometers), but nowadays it has lost more than 70% of its territory and slowly dies. The best minds of mankind are working on the issue of its salvation, and this is bearing fruit, but the chances that we will ever see the Aral in full glory are extremely small. However, this does not detract from the wonderful beauty of the lake and the Aral Sea. The formed sandy-solonchak desert of Aralkum has an amazing, in some way extraterrestrial view, which you will not see anywhere else. The Aral itself is truly delicious - it is a real oasis in the desert with a fascinating turquoise color and adjoining areas of healing mud, capable, according to the belief, to heal even the most severe ailments.

The sea, which retreated in the struggle for the territory, left its loyal fighters on the battlefield-fishing vessels abandoned for the time being torn apart, unable to leave their homes. This cemetery of the lost ships is the abandoned port of Muynak, a mute symbol of human might and a great responsibility to nature.

A trip to the Aral Sea can not be postponed for a long time - today you can enjoy its wonderful sunsets, beautiful beaches, but who knows what will happen tomorrow?

You have a unique opportunity to visit this amazing place, do not miss it.


The young city of Navoi, having exchanged only its sixth dozen, has not yet managed to acquire historical monuments in its short life, but in its vicinity is located almost a thousand-year caravanserai Rabat Malik, which functioned until the XVIII century. The structure survived the Great Silk Road, caravans of which stopped here, sending from one end of the world to another fabric and spices, news and rumors. The caravanserai has survived quite well, which can not but rejoice - after all, what could be more interesting than studying the ruins of ancient buildings?

Another interesting construction of the city is the underground brick Malik sardoba cistern intended for water supply of the said caravan-shed. Here, a unique and much needed system of collecting condensed water and water supplied with sediments was used in these arid lands - under such storage conditions it did not evaporate and then was used for consumption.

The tract of Sarmishsai is famous all over the world for its archaeological artifacts, which reached us from our distant ancestors. Archaeologists have discovered over 200 different objects here, some of which date back to the Bronze Age, some to the Eneolithic, some to the Neolithic, and some even dated to the Mesolithic, more than 15,000 years ago. And today anyone can see evidence of the ancient origin of this place thanks to the preserved here petroglyphs, known throughout the world. These rock images are located in the gorge, the length of which is more than 2.5 kilometers, and the total number of petroglyphs exceeds 5,000 pieces.

But first of all Navoi should be visited for the sake of the yurt camp of Aidar and the Aidarkul Lake. The lake, which is amazingly beautiful in its beauty, is an artificial reservoir, but the amazing impressions you get here will certainly be the most natural. The reservoir is rich in a variety of fish, try your luck in catching which you will have the opportunity. And if fishing is not your favorite occupation, you will be able to capture representatives of the local fauna and flora on your camera - they are extremely diverse and colorful in these places.

The most interesting part of the trip to Aydarkul is a visit to the yurt camp. Imagine - suddenly you are away from modern civilization, amidst the revived history of the brightest and most memorable fairy-tales and legends of the East: traditional yurts instead of habitual high-rise buildings; travel by camels, not by taxi; songs of akyns in the "live", and not records of foreign pop stars; cooked in the wild with your help the famous beshbarmak instead of French fries. Once here, you will plunge into the world of nomadic tribes with all the due romance and exotics, feel like a free rider or hunter-getter and can test yourself and your inner strength.

And complete a day full of impressions that can not be seen in any city in the world that blurs with its neon signs - the endless starry sky above the desert. No roar of engines or smoke plants - only you and the universe. Can there be a better ending to the journey?

Prepare to see the world in a completely different way, such as you have never been able to see it before. Welcome to Aidarkul, Navoi!